pre-1860 Colleton Area Hutson Land Records Viewed and Documented by Ronnie Hudson Jr. in 2008:

The records used to compile this page are available online, some with diagrams, at http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/search.aspx . Enter "Hudson" OR "Hutson" and click search to see all of the land records below. Also helpful for understanding the area is the 1825 Mills Atlas maps and the 1975 Colleton County map showing detailed creek and branch names . Map 1 shows the Hudsons Mill and Sniders areas in 1825 with some land owner names. Here also is a link to the full 1825 map of all Colleton County.

Click here for information on old county names. Note that in the 1700s, Granville county was to the south of the Combahee (Salkahatchie), and Dorchester/Berkeley counties were to the immediate north.

Hudson Sites

 Colonial Period Hudsons in South Carolina (under English rule)

1670: First settlement in Charleston.
1713: Carolina split into North and South
1705: Richard Hudson book 4 p. 73. Plan of a body of lands near Stono River, containing 2062 acres.
1728: Richard Hutson mentioned in Charleston land deal consisting of 2481 acres. Is this the 1705 Richard Hudson, already having his name spelled differently? This man never appears in Colleton County land records, but he appears to be the first Hud(t)son in South Carolina. Perhaps he is the father or ancestor of James and Benjamin Hud(t)son who appear in the 1774-5 land records below, and for whom we currently have no other information.
1735: The name Hudson appears in Purrysburg in association with Hugh Bryan, but the Reverend William Hutson probably has not arrived in South Carolina yet. This may be another line of Hudsons worth investigating.
1737: First mention of Colleton county in online state land records.
1745: Samuel Hudson land grant for 300 acres , and James Hudson plat for 400 acres in Berkeley County. Could this be our family, some of whom later moved to Colleton County after serving in the Revolutionary War?

Colleton County Hudsons beginning in 1773 (Beginning of America):

1773: William Hudson is mentioned as the defendant in two judgment roles, one by Samuel Legg and George McNarney. The other is by James Fallow. I have viewed these documents and they appear to be lawsuits related to unpaid debts for inventory and supplies that William Hudson borrowed. There are a number of records like this, as well as records of lawsuits filed after William Hudson's death around 1789. It may be that he was a Revolutionary quartermaster or provisioner, and that he eventually helped his friend Paul Hamilton establish the US government in SC after the Revolution. Note that there are many William Hudsons, and that one of the challenges is identifying which is which.
1774:
James Hutson receives 300 acres in Colleton County. This could be James in the 1790 census, possibly the father or a relative of Sharrod, Hardy, Willis, John, etc. There is a 1776 record that mentions an audit of a James Hudson in South Carolina for service in the American Revolution.
1775: William Hutson mentioned in memorial for John Rutledge. This record is probably associated with "William Hutson the Founder" from Granville Co. Beware of misleading clues pointing to this family when researching Colleton Co. Hudsons, as much is written about them. They had land across the Combahee River from their plantation which was near present-day Pocotaligo. Most of their records will appear in Granville County, but some are from southern Colleton County, where they also had land.
August 5, 1776: News of the signing of the Declaration of Independence reaches Charlestown. Note that it would not be until October 19, 1781 that the War would be over. Until then, land ownership was "officially" granted by a state government under British rule. Although many records have surely been lost, we fortunately have dozens of records that have survived and are available online at the SC Archives.
1776: A William Hudson (the surveyor?) is said to be audited for claims growing out of the American Revolution. A James Hudson has a similar record (above). Could this be because they are related and obtained their land under similar circumstances? More-importantly, is some of this "granted land" that William registers plats for between 1785 and 1787?
1776: A Benjamin Hudson is listed as a Revolutionary recruit to serve on the navy ship Prosper under Captain William Henry Drayton. There are lots of Drayton families in the 1825 Mills Atlas map, many in the Dorchester area. Could this be a link between the Hud(t)sons of Dorchester and the Hudsons of Colleton county? Another set of records showing payroll for the ship Prosper shows a John Hudson but no Benjamin.
2/13/77: The new state government of SC threatens to banish anyone who refuses to denounce King George III. This is a further indication that land ownership was being dictated by the Revolutionary government at this time. It appears that our Hudson ancestors could have been caught in chaos and confusion during thie period in old St. Barth.
5/12/80: Charlestown taken by British General Henry Clinton, but Cornwallis will surrender to Washington on October 19, 1781. Between 1780 and 1781, it would appear that political chaos and confusion existed in Charleson District. Our ancestors might have even been outlaws during this period. See the Mel Gibson movie "The Patriot" to learn more about the chaotic politics of this period.
1781: William Hudson the surveyor surveys land in Orangeburgh District on SW side of Great Salkahatchie River. This is near the end of the Revolution, suggesting that William Hudson is now surveying land to help establish ownership for Americans. Perhaps this puts him in a position to gain a lot of land for his own descendants. By 1825 we know that at least three Hud(t)son men will own a total of 826 acres. One approach to learning more would be to find our exactly where this 826 acres is and what it's ownership history is.

The earliest record relating to a William HUDSON was a mortgage record dated 22 November 1783, in which this William HUDSON, of St. Bartholomew’s Parish in Charleston District, bor-rowed from the state of South Carolina £47 and 7 shillings for the purpose of purchasing 309 acres of land, which was described as a portion of a plantation previously owned by a Mr. ROBERTS situated in Orangeburg District.

1785: William Hudson the surveyor surveys land for Adam Ulmer on Cedar Tree Branch, Charleston District. Indian Creek is mentioned. This is also when Job Owen is surveying land for Adam Ulmer. This is the first connection I know of between the Hudson name and
Indian Creek, where Hudsons Mill is. This record also links Adam Ulmer with William Hudson. Adam Ulmer will go on to survey other lands in the Hudsons Mill area.
1785: William Hudson the surveyor surveys land for Jeremiah Chancy on Saltkatchers Swamp, Cross Swamp, on Cowpen branch, Charleston District. (Cross Swamp and Cowpens can be seen on the 1825 Mills Atlas as being between the big and little Salk between Bells crossroads and Carter's Ford).
1785: A William Hudson registers a plat for 400 acres in Charleston and Orangeburg districts. This suggests that he owned land on the border of Colleton and Orangeburg near the Little Salkahatchie. This may be William the surveyor's first "registration" of land in Colleton Co.
1786: William Hudson the surveyor surveys land for Jacob and George Carter, whose legal descendants now share DNA with the Hudson family. This might be when the Carters adopted one of the Hudson kids, or vice-versa, thus creating the DNA link between the families.
1786: William Hudson registers a plat for 1140 acres on the Big Saltketcher and Cow Pens branches. Cowpens branch is in the far northwest of Colleton County and is a branch off of Willow Swamp (see 1825 map). Surveyed by Job Owen.
1787: William Hudson surveys and registers a plat for 192 Acres in Charleston District near Mr. Forster and Forster Bay. However, it's not clear who is the owner of this land.
1787: William Hudson registers a plat for 158 acres on Old Field Creek, and registers a plat for 344 acres on Little Swamp (this land can be precisely-located because of several creek branches shown). Joel Pagett and someone named Trotty are next door (Pagett land is precisely-located at Little Swamp in the 1825 map and the name is also mentioned near Hudsons Mill in the 1773 map). The William Hudson 1787 land is next to the land of William Mills, who is shown as being next to John Hudson's Deep Bottom Creek land in 1793. Old Field Creek appears to be the common link between William and John Hudson Bells Crossroads between 1787 and 1793. From this, one could reasonably speculate that these are the lands of John and Benjamin Hudson, who appear in the 1790 census. From the limited records available, it appears that these two men could be the ancestors of Willis, Isham, and/or William Hudson.
1787: William Hudson the surveyor surveys land for Jacob Pagit (Pagit is the name that appears near Hudsons Mill in the 1773 map, and Padgetts owned the land where the Hudson cemetery is located. The cemetery is said to have been started by J Hamilton Hudson, who married Sara Iriel, whose mother was Dyce Padgett).
1787: Elijah Benton registers a plat for 100 acres on Indian Creek.
Indian Creek is the location of Hudsons Mill, and Elijah Benton appears next to John and Benjamin Hudson, and next to John Benton in the 1790 census. Although none of the individual records prove anything conclusively, all of these land records together can be used to derive plausible theories, or to eliminate erroneous ones.
 

On 19 March 1787, a William HUDSON sold one hundred acres of land that was located in St. Bartholomew’s Parish to a man named John WIGGINS. The land is described as being located in the fork of the “Saltketchers on the Rice Patch & bounding on all sides by vacant land.” This plantation was in a swampy region known locally as Saltcatcher or Saltketcher. On modern maps, the spelling most commonly used is Salkehatchie Swamp. The water in the swamp comes from the Salkehatchie River. As was described earlier in this report, there is a RAMSEY family cemetery located near the Salkehatchie River. The original owner of the land on which the cemetery is located was a John RAMSEY, whose land, in 1791, border on land owned by a William HUDSON. The deed by which William HUDSON sold land in the Salkehatchie Swamp to John WIGGINS lists that William HUDSON’s wife was named Elizabeth.

1788: William Hudson the surveyor records a will dated April 5, 1788. Here is the text of the will:

"In the name of God, Amen, I William Hudson of the State of South Carolina and parish of St. Bartholomew's being weak in body but perfect memory and understanding do hereby constitute this my last will and testament. I give my body to the earth and my soul to God that gave it. I give and bequeth unto Mrs. Elizabeth Moore her son William Hudson, and her daughter Mary Hudson all my real and personal estate to be equally divided between the said Mrs. Elizabeth Moore, William Hudson, and Elizabeth Hudson, proviso that if any of the above named heirs should die before they come of age their third part to be equally divided between the surviving heirs, I do hereby order all my just and lawful debts be paid, and likewise I do hereby appoint my good and trusty friend Mr. Paul Hamilton to be my executor to this my last will and testament as my hand and seal this 18th day of February in the year of our lord 1788."
 
Signed and sealed in the presence of us: Edward Carragan, Richard Burnett, James Anderson. Proved before Charles Lining Esquire O.C.T.D. April 5th, 1788. June 30th, 1788 qualified Paul Hamilton, executor.


We now believe we came from William "the Surveyor" or one of his close kin (perhaps Sherrod, John, or Benjamin of the 1790 census). It is possible that William had two families. The first with (Sarah?) Mills to produce John and Benjamin, then the second with Elizabeth Moore to produce Mary Harper and William F. Hudson who moved to Mississippi. William the Surveyor made his good friend Paul Hamilton executor of his will. The name Hamilton is prominent in my paternal line, and my general DNA includes Harper descendants, so therefore I believe we likely come from the Surveyor or his kin. Note that this could also be explained if Elizabeth Moore's children come from a brother or other kinsman of William the Surveyor.



1790: First US census shows six Hutson families living in St. Bartholomews parish, Charleston District. Names include an> James (above?), Sharrod, John, and Benjamin Hutson. Wi. William Hudson of Hudsons Mill will be born in 1797, and will name one of his first three sons Benjamin Paul, suggesting that Benjamin might be the father of Willis. Another theory is that Willis's maternal grandfather is a William Willis who also appears in Colleton County census records. In census records it appears that this man lives near George and Elijah Carter, and near Benton/Crosby.
1793: William Hudson's land shown to be next to John E. Calhoon's Barony land and Richard Bryan
near Old Field Creek (between Bell's Crossroads and Hudsons Mill). There is also a Moses Bayly plat for 211 acres on Indian Creek. The book "Cemetaries of Upper Colleton County" makes the case that Richard Bryan lived on the site of present-day Bethel Methodist church. There is also a Baily mentioned. This 1793 record ties together William Hudson's land, the Bethel Methodist site, Baily land, Indian Creek, and Old Field Creek all together into contiguous lands.
1793: John Hudson records two plats. One for 388 acres at Indian Creek (which might be sold in two days to Thomas Brannan). A second plat is for 212 acres on Deep Bottom Branch. Deep Bottom branch starts just northeast of Hudsons Mill, and runs to Buckhead Creek past Ruffin. The Deep Bottom property plat shows the creek and  a small branch, so this land could probably be located on a satellite map. William Mills is a neighbor (Mills were also neighbors in the 1793 William Hudson plat above. 
1796an>: John Harper appears to acquire 500 acres near Hog Branch and Buckhead Creek, some of which was apparently surveyed on 5/3/96 for John Hudson. Th. This looks as though it could be John selling some of his land to John Harper. It is my understanding from other researchers that Mary Hudson (the surveyor's daughter) marries a Harper before moving to Mississipi. This is another possible connection between John Hudson and the surveyor. Perhaps this is land received for service on the ship Prosper. This land and John Hudson also appear to be mentioned in a 1799 record for John Prescott.


1801: Hardyan> Hudson mentioned in William Johnsonspan> plat on Sams Branch of the Little Salkahatchie. Is "Sam's Branch" a reference to the branch of Black Creek that runs into Samuel and Mary Padgett's property?
1802: Sharod Hudson mentioned in Joseph Jones plat on Little Salketchers and Willow Swamps. WillowWillow Swamp is a branch off of the Little Salkahatchie River. It begins at the Little Salkahatchie immediately opposite Old Field Creek where Hudsons Mill is. This would seem to connect Sharrod with the Hudson's Mill area (and John Hutson of an 1809 land record). On the same page, but dated 1801 - Joshua Davis 454 acres next to John Blocker, John Benton, and Henry Ulmer (all big families in the Sniders/Hudson Mill area) .
1809: John Hutson> mentioned in James Bruton plat for 1000 acres on Old Field Creek, along with Richard Bryant, Estate of Benjamin Benton, and William Johnson. This could be the father of the Hudsons Mill William Hudson, since Hudsons Mill is near Old Field Creek. Richard Bryant could be Richard Bryan and this could be near the Bethel Methodist site.
 
1809: Willis Hutson mentioned in James White plat for 1000 acres on Cow Herd Bay and Black Creek. John Blocker, Thomas Dillan, and William Youngblood mentioned. Land formally surveyed for Benjamin BrutonBruton (deceased). These two 1809 records lend weight to the theory that Benjamin was brother or cousin to John, and that Willis is the son of Benjamin. It also seems possible that Benjamin is also named William, and that he is the William in the 1793 Old Field Creek land record.
 
1812: John Hudson> menti mentioned in Ephraim Cannon plat for 468 acres near Little Saltcatcher swamp of LIttle Saltkatcher River. Richard Bryant, Mr. Johnson, and John Jones mentioned. This appears to be the same land mentioned in 1809, and it should be relatively easy to find by looking at neighbors and creek names. This would also appear to be the Old Field Creek land, and thus near Hudson's Mill.
1817: William Hutson'sarrant for 110 acres on Four Hole Swamp (northeast of Walterboro). Adjacent to W. Smith, William Bowers, and Stobal. This appears to be the Hutsons who appear near Cypress Swamp and Fore Hole Bridge in the 1825 Mills Atlas. Perhaps these families are related. The Four Hole Swamp area borders St. James Parish and Goose Creek.
1817: 1817: Daniel Hutson's plat for 375 acres. Surrounded by Coachman, C Scott, and Waters. This man goes on to have all daughters, so probably no surviving sons. This could be the Daniel Hudson who is said to come from where Sandy Run creek meets Hwy 21.
1825: Sharad, Willis, and Isham Hudson> file tax returns for slaves from St. Bartholomews. Does this help suggest that these three men were related? If so, then perhaps the 1820 c1820 census is showing us the household with Sharrod, Willis, and Isham all living together. Or, perhaps they are from more than one family line.
1825: Sherad Hudson> tax return for 50 acres in St in St. Bartholomews Parish. Willis Hudson tax return for 586 acres.
1826: Isham Hudson compensation for witnessing an election.
1829: Isham Hudson 200 acres on Little Saltcatcher Swamp. Bounded to the north by Thomas Ferguson, south by Stephan Blocker, Rosier/Rofer/Roper, and Alexander Crews. This appears to be an initial purchase, and this appears to be the land near the Hudson cemetery on Snider's Highway.
1840: William Hudson registers 583 acres at Hudsons Mill on Indian Creek. The simplest explanation is that this is the same property that Willis Hudson paid taxes for in 1825. A grandson in William's family will later be named A. Willis Hudson. These two facts make a very-strong case that Willis is the father of William. Willis had numerous other children, which could easily include Martha Hudson Benton (b1792), Isham (b1796-8), Edward (b1808), and John (b1813). However, it is also possible that all of these Hudsons came from John or Hardy (1790-1810 census records). DNA testing will help identify how many different lines there were, as long as we can eventually identify descendants of each line.



Hudson Sites